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CANADY, CANADAY, CANNADY (Scot, Irish), Variant of KENNEDY gr. KENNEDY (Scot, Irish) one with a ugly or misshapen head: descendant of CINNEIDIDH (Helmeted Head). New Dictionary of Family Names, Elsden C. Smith

Kennedy - O Cinneioio, O cinneio, O kinedy, O Kennedy, Kennedy, from the compound Gaelic word Cinneadach meaning Headressed or Helmeted. This family name was found in the 11th century by Donnchuan, leader of clan Ui Cinneide and brother of Brian Borw of Dalcass. Seated originally in Killokennedy by the O'briens and Mac Namaras and migrated to Tipperary where in the succeeding centuries they controlled the baronies of upper and lower Ormond. Another family of the name was affiliated with Ui Main. - Irish Family Names - Captain Patrick Kelly. (Canaday name researched by Robert Canaday, son of Guy Edwin Canaday son of Willie Monroe Canaday)  

THE GEORGIA BEND, A Tale of Two Pioneer Families
-By Ed Canady

The Georgia bend is a forest of palmetto thickets and pine and scrub oaks at the southeast end of the Okefenokee Swamp on a piece of land seemingly carved out of Florida by a whim of the St. Mary’s River.  There are two sparsely populated communities in the Bend, Moniac and St. George.  On a bronze plaque erected by the Georgia Historical Society at Highway 185 and 94 in Moniac is this inscription:  “This area saw frequent action during the early Indian Wars.  Moniac is said to have been name for Old Fort Moniac, a small hewn log fort about one mile north of the Florida side of the river.  It was through the swamp near here that most of the Indians escaped while being driven by General Charles Floyd and made their way to the Everglades.  An old log house on the Canaday homestead was often the refuge for inhabitants of this section during the Indian raids.  Built of pine logs and equipped with port holes for muskets; it was the scene of many battles.  On one occasion the Canaday family was surprised by a Seminole attack and several were killed.”

There was a ford on the river at this point (at Fort Moniac) in the pioneer days, for the river is no larger than a creek at this point.  Mr. Riley Yarborough told that Billy Bowlegs and his band left the swamp near the old Fort Moniac, going out through Mitchell’s Island, Soldier Camp Island, and by Hog Pen branch to Deep Creek near the present site of Jacksonville,  The soldiers turned back at this place and the Indians, who were a day and a half ahead of them, continued on to the Florida Everglades, where a remnant still lives.

The Canaday family settled in the Big bend Section of Charlton county long before the Indians were driven from the Okefenokee Swamp and the old Canaday home was located 2 ½ miles south of Georgia 94 on Georgia 185 at Joaquin Creek near the present day site of the Moniac Baptist Church and the Canaday Cemetery.  On one occasion the Canaday family was surprised by an unexpected attack from the Seminoles, who lived within the Interior of the great swamp and several were brutally murdered and scalped.  Although no certain date can be given for the Canaday Blockhouse, it is known by the family that the Canaday family was living there at least by 1832.  The family members that were killed were probably killed by warriors un the command of Bolech (Billy Bowlegs) around 1838.  The original cabin was built by John Milledge Canaday (Ossio Yahaltla) or by and Indian ancestor of the Canaday clan and was inherited by John Canaday or his Indian wife, the sister of Billy Powell known as Osceola.  The Indian wife, Missouri Powell Canaday was scalped but not killed by the renegade Creeks because of her Indian blood.  Marker of the grave sites have been erected by Casey O. Dinkins, a Board Member of the Baker County Historical Society which reads:  Missouri Powell Canaday (Sister of Chief Osceloa) 1793 to1840’s and John Milledge Canaday (Ossio Yahaltla) 1778 to 1860’s.  (Canaday Cemetery), Moniac, Georgia.

During the early pioneer days there were several Indian massages near the Okefenokee Swamp in Charlton County and in other sections of the county.  The settlements were badly scattered and the hardy pioneer who built his log cabin in the forest during these early times braved horrible death for himself and his family as well as untold hardships.  But, some one had to be “first” and the descendants of these brave men and women living in comparative ease and security can not begin to appreciate the sacrifices made by their forbearers. When there was time to spread the alarm of the “Indians on the warpath” there were a few places where the pioneers could gather for safety and combined defense and one of those places was Fort Alert, now Trader’s Hill.  There was a crude stockade there and another place was the Canaday homestead.  It plainly showed the effects of the Indian Raids and old bullet marks were imbedded in the pine logs.  It was one of the few houses to withstand all attacks.

Another massacre was the virtual annihilation of the Garrett Family near what was the J. R. Johnson place.  It seems that Mr. Garret was away from home on this day and his wife was washing clothes in the small creek back of the home when she was surprised by the sudden appearance of a large band of Indians from the Swamp.  It was in broad daylight, something very unusual for the Indians.  This poor woman was brutally murdered and scalped.  There were four children at the creek with her, and they too, were ruthlessly murdered.  Only one child was able to escape.  The Indians then went to the little cabin and set fire to it after plundering the house and outhouses.  Mr. Garret was about a mile away and seeing the flames from his burning home rushed back on horseback, but before he could reach home the little cabin was destroyed and the Indians were fleeing toward the swamp.  He then went in search of his family and found his wife and three small children murdered and scalped near the run of the creek.  Hearing his father’s voice the one child who was able to hide in the creek swamp joined his father.  This pioneer woman and her three children are buried in the field in what was known as the old Hinton Gay place, and also as the Courtney place.  Mr. Garrett later moved to the Big Bend Section of Charlton County and settled near Moniac.  He married again and reared a large family.

The Canadays are believed to be “Scot-Irish” who were descendants of the Scots Presbyterians who emigrated from Scotland to settle in the Province of Ulster in Northern Ireland during the 17th century.  They we unmixed with other races when many of them moved on to the American colonies.  Some people adhere to the term “Ulster-Scot” rather than “Scot-Irish”

The Indians were farmers and cattlemen who built substantial log houses and claimed a distinct language and culture.  Unfortunately, it was not a culture compatible with that of the white settlers who resented the haven given runaway slaves by the Indians while coveting the rich farm and grasslands upon which the Indians lived.  Between the influx of settlers and the demands of irate slave owners, the Indians had to go.  Pushed by white settlers from their homes in the Carolinas and Georgia, the Miccosukee settled in an area between Gainesville and Ocala, Florida.  The only problem was they didn’t want to go.  They had gone before, to little avail, and they had no liking for the barren lands of the Oklahomas offered them in exchange.  War was as inevitable as the Indians loss of the war.  However, all Indians should not be cast as noble and poetic and all white men as obnoxious, grasping opportunists.  The first Seminole War in Florida war 1817 to 1818 and the Second Seminole War was 1835 to 1842.

There are many descendants of these two pioneer families and among then are Eddie and Alma Canady, formerly Alma Garrett, who married at the close of World War II.

No matter how public or well chronicled human affairs have been, mystery shrouds the edges, even the center, of even well publicized historical events.  The confidence we may feel about days gone by is deserving of qualification if only because the past is more ambiguous than we often think.

Researched, compiled, edited by Ed Canady, P. O. Box 8569, Jacksonville Florida 32211.  Credit is given to many sources.  Among them are:

Florida Historical Quarterly
Georgia Historical Society
History of Charlton County by Alex S. McQueen
Article of the Baker County Press, “The Way it was – by Gene Barber”
Articles by Laviece Smallwood
Baker County Historical Society
*Casey O. Dinkins, Board Member, Baker County Historical Society
And many other sources

·     Casey O, Dinkins, a Board Member of the Baker County Historical is well qualified in his efforts to preserve local history and has undertaken many similar projects in the area.  He holds a degree in history from Jacksonville University and originated the idea for placing the markers.  He has unselfishly given his time and fully financed the project at considerable time and cost to his personal finances. – Ed Canady.

The Lineage of John Millage and Missouri Powell Canaday

Henry Canady from S. Carolina is believed by some to be the father of John Millage Canaday, and thought to have brought his family to Georgia sometime in the early 1800s. Others believe John came from Europe to Charleston, SC, and then traveled to Brunswick, GA and then to Moniac, GA approximately 1800.

John Millage Canaday ((Ossio Yahaltla) was born in Coleraine, Ireland in 1778. He landed in Charleston, SC in 1799 from Spain, He went to Brunswick Georgia in 1800 and traveled up the St. Mary's river with Tom Vickery in that same year. He built a log cabin near Moniac and then went up to Tallapoosa near Atlanta where cousins of his lived. He married Missouri Powell, the sister of Billy Powell known as Osceola at Tallassee in 1808 and returned to Moniac. In 1814 they went back to Tallapoosa and after the Battle of Horse Shoe Bend with Jacksons Army of Cherokee Indians, he was among the 70 Creek warriors who survived out of more than a thousand. John Canaday and his wife Missouri "Miss Sarah" Powell along with Yahahadjo Rhoden, and John Graham with Polly Powell (nee Copinger), Billy Powell, Sanee Powell returned to the Moniac cabin and aided the other survivors of Horse Shoe Bend to escape into Florida. John and Missouri remained at the cabin with Rhoden and Sanee until the latter went to what is now Columbia County. John Canaday and Missouri had numerous children, some of whom were slain by renegade Creeks under Bolec (Billy Bowlegs). Their sons Henry and James Canaday joined Durrances Company in the Seminole War of 1856 being mustered out in Dec. of 1857 and lived below Palatka, Florida. John and Missouri had another son John Millage Jr

1. Polly M. Canady born about 1824 in Moniac GA died after 1800 Florida, Orange County
2. Elesibith Canady born about 1824 Moniac, GA - died About 1908
3. John Millage Canaday (See below)

John Millage Canaday Jr. born 1826 in the cabin in Moniac Georgia Died 1895 buried North Prong Cemetery Florida - Married Sarah Ann Howell of Howell GA. born 1837 Toledo (Moonshine) Georgia Died 1883 buried North Prong cemetery Florida across the St. Marys River from Jonnycan Branch where his father and mother are buried. Their children:               

        1. Joseph Canaday born February 13, 1864 - died December 21, 1927 - Married Easter Ann Sweat born March
            10,1869     - died December 8, 1941. Their children:

[1] Amie Canaday
[2] Josey Canaday
[3] Eddie Canaday
[4] Pearl Canaday

[5] William Monroe Canaday born March 16, 1906 died January 12, 1985 Jacksonville, FL - married Nellie Stokes born June 22 1911 - died Jan. 23, 1992 Zephyrhills, FL Their children:

1.  Billie May - born June 22, 19ll Moniac GA. - died May 29, 1930 Moniac , GA
2.  Delores - born June 6, 1929 Moniac, GA married Clarence H. Crews born July 6, 1921 - died August 1, 1983.

(1) Marie Crews married Morris Crews
(2) Diane Crews married John Phillips
(3) Kenneth Crews married Betty Jamerson
(4) Janice Crews marride Clarence Chansey

3. Guy Edwin - born April 27 1931 Moniac GA married June 29 Marry Belle Arnold born April 21, 1834 Zephyrhills, Pasco County FL

(1)  Sandra Yvette Canaday Sikes born June 6, 1956 Plant City FL - Died November 26, 1979 Wimauma, FL married James Wesley Sikes died October 1988, Gibsonton, FL

1. Jamie Sikes born September 18, 1974 Tampa FL - died November 26, 1979 Wimauma FL
2. Yancey Bo Sikes born August 8, 1979 Tampa FL - died November 26, 1979 Wimauma FL

(2) James Edwin Canaday
(3) David Canaday born 1958 Plant City FL - Died 1958 Plant City FL
(4) Robery Lynn Canaday born Noveember 4, 1959 Plant City FL
(5) Guy Eugene Canaday Born December 12, 1962

4. Franklin - born June 7, 1933 Moniac, GA - died March 5, 2011 Jacksonville, FL

5. Arnell - born July 20, 1936 - died May 8, 2011 Marysville, OH -  married September 5 1965 to Janet Borchardt born July 25, 1942

(1) Carla Jean Canaday Shields born September 5, 1966
(2) Stacy Marie Canaday born November 18, 1968
(3) William Canaday born March 29, 1979

6. Paul Eugene - born March 31, 1938
7. Joeseph K. - born February 13, 1940 died April 19, 2003 Zephyrhills FL

8. Marion Francis - born August 5, 1942 Jacksonville, FL - Married James Thomas Clark born June 9, 1940 in Greenwood, KY. Their children:

(1) Matthew Casey Clark born August 1, 1969 Tampa FL
(2) Amber Laine Clark born August 26 1971 Tampa FL

9. Willie Monroe Jr. - born January 23, 1946

(1) George Salin Canaday born May 19, 1968 Urland California
(2) Melaine Ann Canaday born October 8, 1974

10. Nola Jean - born October 10, 1953 Zephyrhills, FL.

(1) Kimberley Jo Meyer Hill born november 20, 1970 Dade City, FL
(2) Larissa Jane Meyer born August 18, 1974

    [6] Pauline Canaday

2)  John M. Canaday born 1860 - died December 9, 1935 - Married February 16,1888 to Betsey Thompson born December 6, 1869 - died November 11, 1943.
3)  Aaron Canaday born 1867 - died 1935. - Married Alice Crawford in 1872 and Rose Rhoden 1912.
  Curry Canaday born August 15,1865 - died March,5, 1936 - Married Ella Thompson born September 6, 1871 and died March 14, 1957.
5)  George Canaday - Never Married.
6)  Amy Canaday - Married John Reynolds
7)  Lilly Canaday - Married George Reynolds on January 1, 1885.
8)  Easter Canaday - Married Julius Hampton Thompson & Mr. Bainbridge & J. L Keck.
9)  Missouri Canaday born 1873 - died 1948 - Married December 26, 1888 to Julius Hampton Thompson born 1865 - died 1937.
10) Arabelle Canaday - Married David Yarborough
11) Pearl Canaday - Married
William Powe